Green Glossary | Green Packaging 365
Green Glossary

Alternative Energy- Renewable energy sources, such as wind, flowing water, solar energy and biomass, which creates less environmental damage and pollution than fossil fuels.

Biodegradable - A material or substance which will decompose quickly without harmful effects to the environment when left exposed to nature

Bio plastics - Plastics derived from renewable biomass sources, such as vegetable oil, corn starch, pea starch, or microbiota.

Biomass Organic - matter available on a renewable basis. For example: wood wastes, animal wastes, aquatic plants, etc.

Black water - Wastewater generated by toilets.

Bio-diesel - A fuel derived from sources such as vegetable oils. Sources include: rapeseed, soybean, and waste vegetable oil

Carbon Dioxide CO2 - is a naturally occurring greenhouse gas in the atmosphere. However the amount of it increases when we burn fossil fuels, leading to global warming.

Carbon Footprint - Total amount of carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gases emitted over the full lifecycle of a product or service.

Carbon Neutral - A product or process that does not add more carbon dioxide to the atmosphere

Composting Process - whereby organic wastes, including food and paper, decompose naturally, resulting in a produce rich in minerals and ideal for gardening and farming as a soil conditioner, mulch, resurfacing material, or landfill cover.

Conservation - Preserving and renewing, when possible, human and natural resources.

Corporate responsibility - A concept whereby organizations consider the interests of society by taking responsibility for the impact of their activities on customers, suppliers, employees, shareholders, communities and the environment in all aspects of their operations.

Cradle to cradle Method - in which all componets and products are designed to be reused or reabsorbed back into the environment through decompoistion. All processes insure that products will have no negative environmental impacts thoughout its life

Daylighting - The use of controlled natural lighting methods indoors through skylights, windows, and reflected light.

Emissions - Particles and gases released into the air as byproducts.

Energy Efficient - Products and systems that use less energy to perform as well or better than standard products.

Eco-friendly - Products or processes made or executed with ecology and the environment in mind

Ecological footprint - Measures human impact upon the environment – how much space or productive land is needed to support an individual’s lifestyle.

Embodied energy - All the energy used to grow, extract and manufacture a products, including transportation costs

Ecosystem - A group of living organisms that, along with their abiotic environment (e.g. air, water, rocks), interact with each other over a period of time.

Ecotourism - Travel that entails destinations where natural and cultural heritage are the primary attractions.

Eco Anxiety - A new term used to define those who are worried sick over various environmental doomsday scenarios

Eco-chic - A product or good that is both eco-friendly and hip

- Generally practices or products that have a small impact on the earth’s resources.

Environmental Impact - Any change to the environment whether adverse or beneficial, wholly or partially resulting from human activity, industry or natural disasters

Fossil Fuel Fuels
- formed from decayed plants and animals. Examples are oil, coal, and natural gas.

Fair Trade
- Social movement that promotes standards for international labor and gives workers a sense of economic self sufficiency through fair wages and good employment opportunities to economically disadvantaged populations.

FSC Forest Stewardship Council: -International organization to pormote responsible management of the worlds forests. They have developed standards and Certification systems that are recognized globally

Green Fatigue- Becoming tired with some of the constant messages of corporate green credentials and tales of impending global doom.

Greenwashing - Deceptive use of green marketing giving false claims of products and/or policies being enviromentally-friendly

Greywater Waste- water generated from domestic activities such as laundry, dishwashing, and bathing which can be recycled on-site for uses such as landscape irrigation and constructed wetlands

Greenhouse effect
- Heating the occurs when gases such as carbon dioxide trap heat escaping from the earth and radiate it back to the surface.

Green power - Energy produced from renewable or non-polluting and non-hazardous technologies such as air turbines (windmills), geothermal power plants, solar-cells.

-Having positive environmental attributes or objectives.

Hazardous Waste- Material that can pose a threat to human health or environment

Hybrid Car- A car that runs on both electric battery and fuel, making the gas mileage extremely efficient and also produces fewer emissions which help control pollution in the environment

Hydroelectric Energy
- Electric energy produced by moving water.

Industrial waste - The manufacture of nearly everything produces waste, some of it hazardous waste, and some of it merely taking up space and polluting the environment-everything from scrap metal to water tainted with chemicals

Landfill - An enormous pit where trash is buried under shallow layers of dirt
Low Flow- Plumbing fixtures include faucets, toilets and showerheads. Installing low-flow toilets and showerheads, and aerators for faucets is a simple strategy to cut water use

Non-renewable energy
- Resources that are in limited supply, such as oil, coal, and natural gas
Natural A product that is made from materials and ingredients found in nature, with little or no human intervention.

Organic - Relating to a product that is solely made from plants or insects.

- Act of mitigating greenhouse gas emissions through emission trading. The goal is to attain a carbon neutral overall effect

-Practice of reducing waste by avoiding bringing items into the home or business which will generate waste

Pre-consumer - Refers to recycled material that came from the manufacturing process.

Post-consumer - Refers to recycled material that was used first by the consumer.

- To use again or reprocess

Reuse- To use again, whether for the same purpose or reappropriated for another.

Repurpose Taking
- a thing or a material and using it for a purpose not originally intended.

Renewable energy
- Energy harvested from sources that are not depleted when used, typically causing very low environmental impact

Reclaimed - To use a product again after its initial use.

Radon - An invisible threat in many homes, this colorless, odorless, radioactive gas, radon is produced naturally in the soil from the decay of uranium.

Rainwater harvesting - An ancient practice of catching and holding rain for later use. In a rainwater harvesting system, rain is gathered from a building rooftop or other source and is held in large containers for future use, such as watering gardens or washing cars.

Sustainable- Actions and products that meet current needs without sacrificing the ability of future generations to meet theirs.

SFI - Non-profit, charitable, independent organization with more than 195 million acres certified to its forest certification standard in the United States and Canada. The Sustainable forestry initiative is the world’s largest single forest certification standard and according to the United Nations, is the fastest growing when it comes to chain of custody certifications.

Trashion- re create art, jewelry, fashion and objects for the home, made from materials that were leftover, discarded, and found. Trashion is all about bringing out the beauty in unconventional objects and materials

USDA organic Organic- certification process for producers of organic food and other organic agricultural products

- Water that has been used and contaminated.

- Energy derived from the wind.